York County stretches 27 miles between Williamsburg and Hampton and is part of the “Historic Triangle” of Jamestown, Williamsburg and Yorktown, which hosts millions of tourists each year, especially during the 400th anniversary of the 1607 founding of Jamestown in 2007. During its 350-year history, the County of York has figured prominently in both the political and economic history of the Virginia Peninsula, the Commonwealth, and the Nation. Yorktown also figured prominently in the Civil War, serving as a major port to supply both northern and southern towns, depending on who held Yorktown at the time.
After World War II, one of the nation’s largest and most diversified military-industrial complexes emerged in the Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport News MSA, spawning numerous small precision machine, metal fabrication and technical research companies. The influence of the early waterman remains active; seafood processing, ship building, and ship repair prosper.
York County is home to several large and important military facilities of the United States. Located along the York River, Naval Weapons Station Yorktown was originally established during World War I by order of President Woodrow Wilson, and now includes the formerly separate Cheatham Annex Supply Complex. Camp Peary was established during World War II as a Seabee Training Base and is currently referred to as the Armed Forces Experimental Training Activity.